News is information about events that have happened recently and are of interest to the public. These events can include wars, government, politics, education, business, sports, the environment, and other current issues that affect people’s lives.
A story is newsworthy when it meets the following criteria: it must be new, unusual, interesting, significant and about people. This is not a definitive list and there will be other factors that influence whether something is newsworthy. However, these five elements are often used as a guide to what is considered to be good news.
In addition to these criteria, newsworthy stories must be relevant, informative and entertaining. They must also be well written and sourced.
There are a number of ways that an event can become newsworthy, but some of the most common are:
For example, if a man falls off a ladder while doing some gardening, it is unlikely to make much of a splash, but if he is dangling from a helicopter and is rescued by a fire crew, this will be big news. This is because the event is both relevant (because it concerns a person) and informative (because it explains how the man was rescued).
The same event can have different levels of significance in different societies. A farm wall collapsing, killing a cow but not a pig, will have less significance in the UK than in China, because they place different values on the lives of these animals. This is why it is important to understand your target audience when reporting on news.
Choosing what to report on can be difficult, especially as the amount of news that happens around the world every day is huge. A few key points to remember when writing an article for news are:
Use the inverted pyramid format. This means that your opening paragraph should give the main idea of the article and lead into your body paragraphs, which detail more about the topic. You should then finish with your conclusion paragraph which sums up the main point of the article.
Choose secondary sources for your articles. These can be experts who have a deeper knowledge of the subject, or they could be people close to the story who can offer insights on how it has affected them. When writing an in-depth news article, this may mean carrying out a lot of additional research into the topic and interviewing multiple sources to get their unique perspectives on it.
A journalist’s job is to provide his or her audience with factual information in an entertaining way. This is why it is so important to always write in a neutral tone, and not to add your own opinions into the articles that you produce. This will ensure that your news is as accurate as possible and will be respected by your readers. Moreover, it will help you to avoid plagiarism and other legal pitfalls.